Flat Files
  Mill Files
  All Purpose Files
  Hand Files
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  Round Files
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  Pillar Files
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  Farmer's Own Files
  Feather Edge Files
  Cabinet RASP Files
  Wood RASP Files
  Flat RASP Files
  Milled Curved Tooth Files
 

AMERICAN PATTERN FILE: A tool of hardened steel that has teeth, cut or chiseled on the surface, used manually to reduce or smooth surfaces or to remove nicks or burrs.

AXIS: A central line about which the body and teeth are symmetrically arranged.

BACK: The rounded side of half Round files, Crosscut files etc.

BLUNT: A file that has sides parallel (not tapered).

CUT: The number of teeth per inch.

DOUBLE CUT: The crisscross arrangement of
teeth formed by a series of cuts.

EDGE: The narrow cross section or side of a file.

ENGINEERING FILE: Same as American Pattern File.

HEEL: The end of the file next to the tang.

LENGTH: The distance between the point and the shoulder or heel (tang not included). On files without tangs, length is measured overall.

OVERCUT: A secondary set of teeth on a file even though they are generally struck before the primary upcut teeth. They are usually 45° to the axis and generally used as chip breakers.

POINT: The end of the file opposite the tang.

PRECISION FILE: Same as Swiss Pattern File.

RIFFLERS: Teeth cut on a small middle portion as a handle. The cut ends are of various designs. Length is overall.

RASP CUT: A cut used on wood rifflers that is made by a punch raising series of individual cutting teeth.

SAFE: The uncut side or edge of a file.

SHAPE: The cross section of a file (such as Square, Round, Knife etc.)

SHOULDER: Same as "heel".

SIDE: The broad, flat cutting surface.

SINGLE CUT: The teeth formed on a file by a single series of cuts.

SWARF: Fine particles or chips of metal or other material created in the process of filing.

SWISS PATTERN FILE: Used by precision craftsman for finishing delicate and intricate parts. Similar to American pattern Files except narrower in width and thickness. The teeth extend all the way to the edge of the file. They are made to a more exacting tolerance and available in finer cut (more TPI)

TANG: The part of the file that tapers from the shoulder that is intended to be fitted with a handle.

TAPER: The diminishing width of a file toward its point.

TEETH: The small cutting edges on a file that actually do the job of removing material. The teeth are created row at a time by striking with a chisel.

TPI: Teeth per inch. A method of determining the coarseness or smoothness of a file.

UPCUT: The primary cutting teeth an a double cut file.

 

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